Discover attractive and high potential climate smart solutions for your farm or region in 4 steps

The CSA Spatial Solution Finder is a tool aiming to help farmers, farm advisors, agri-food companies and policy makers find those solutions for climate-smart agriculture that fit farmers, farms and regions. This webtool focuses on livestock farming for dairy production.

1. Where is your farm located?

Use the map to select the region you are located or interested in. The magnifying glass on the map can help to find and identify your region of interest.

The type of livestock farming (intensity based on livestock units and share of grassland on your farm) determines the likely volume of GHG emissions. The expected impact of specific solutions for climate-smart agriculture in Europe depends on the biophysical and socio-economic context of a region.

Your region of interest is in the following Livestock Production Zone:

please select a zone on the map

Correct in the dropdown list, if you feel necessary or more representative for your specific conditions.

Livestock Production Zone

English summary: INRA, 2016. ROLE, IMPACTS AND SERVICES PROVIDED BY EUROPEAN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION - Short summary of the collective scientific assessment report at the request of the French ministries responsible for Agriculture and Environment, in cooperation with the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME), November 2016.

Full report: Dumont B. (coord), Dupraz P. (coord.), Aubin J., Batka M., Beldame D., Boixadera J., Bousquet-Melou A., Benoit M., Bouamra-Mechemache Z., Chatellier V., Corson M., Delaby L., Delfosse C., Donnars C., Dourmad J.Y., Duru M., Edouard N., Fourat E., Frappier L., Friant-Perrot M., Gaigné C., Girard A., Guichet J.L., Haddad N., Havlik P., Hercule J., Hostiou N., Huguenin-Elie O., Klumpp K., Langlais A., Lemauviel-Lavenant S., Le Perchec S., Lepiller O., Letort E., Levert F., Martin, B., Méda B., Mognard E.L., MouginC., Ortiz C., Piet L., Pineau T., Ryschawy J., Sabatier R., Turolla S., Veissier I., Verrier E., Vollet D., van der Werf H., Wilfart A. 2016, Rôles, impacts et services issus des élevages en Europe. INRA (France), 1032 pages.

rapport de l’Expertise scientifique collective réalisée par l’inra à la demande des ministères en charge de l'Environnement et de l'Agriculture, et de l'Ademe, Novembre 2016

2a. Is the selected livestock production zone correct?

Livestock production zoneAnimal density Land use
Low-grassland areas with high livestock densities LU/UAL > 1,2 PG/UAL < 0,4
Grassland-dominant areas with high livestock densities LU/UAL > 1,2 PG/UAL > 0,4
Grassland-dominant areas with average livestock densities 0,4 < LU/UAL < 1,2 PG/UAL > 0,4
Grassland-dominant areas with low livestock densities LU/UAL < 0,4 PG/UAL > 0,4
Both crop and livestock production 0,4 < LU/UAL < 1,2 PG/UAL < 0,4
Low-grassland areas with low livestock densities LU/UAL < 0,4 PG/UAL < 0,4

LU = livestock units; UAL = utilised agricultural land; PG = permanent grassland

2b. Do you have an indication on your greenhouse gas emissions?

We want to estimate your greenhouse gasses emissions (GHG), in order to select those solutions that fit your regional and local farming conditions.

Do you know how much greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are emitted from your farm or from a typical farm in the Livestock Production Zone you are located? You can calculate these easily using the Cool Farm Tool ( If you do not have the information to complete the Cool Farm Tool, we will estimate the GHG emissions based on the typical characteristics of farms in your selected Livestock Production Zone.

In this table you can enter the data on your emissions. The results from both the Dairy and Crop products have to be taken or copied from the result overview and not from the detailed results. An example of how to complete the data form can be found in the figure below. The names of the sources in the CoolFarmTool correspond to the names in the table.


cluster emission

3. What are relevant issues in your area?

The maps below show the regional GHG emissions from agriculture across Europe. What is the potential in your region to mitigate GHG and climate change? The maps further identify risks and vulnerabilities that result from anticipated climate change. Does climate change (limited or excess water) threaten water supply for crop or grassland production in your region?

Present and projected water limitation of crop primary production in Europe under rain-fed conditions

Present and projected water limitation of crop primary production in Europe under rain-fed conditions

Climate change: crop yield loss due to water limitation (-15% light green, - 25% dark green circle)


Environmental Zones

Alpine North (ALN) Scandinavian mountains; these have been named Alpine north, because they show environmental conditions as the Alps on a higher latitude, but in lower mountains.
Alpine South (ALS) The high mountains of central and southern Europe that show the environmental conditions of high mountains. Also small Alpine patches are found in mountain areas in Pyrenees and Carpathians.
Atlantic North (ATN) The area under influence of the Atlantic ocean and the North sea, humid with rather low temperatures in summer and winter, but not extremely cold.
Atlantic Central (ATC) The area with moderate climate where the average winter temperature does not go far below 0°C and the average summer temperatures are relatively low. This is a main agricultural production zone in EU-27.
Boreal (BOR) The environmental zone covering the lowlands of Scandinavia
Continental (CON) The part of Europe with an environment of warm summers and rather cold winters. This is a main agricultural production zone in EU-27.
Lusitanian (LUS) The southern Atlantic area from western France to Lisbon. Here, summers are rather warm and sometimes dry, while winters are mild and humid. This is a main agricultural production zone in EU-27.
Mediterranean North (MDN) The Mediterranean north represents the major part of the Mediterranean climate zone with Cork Oak, fruit plantations and Olive groves
Mediterranean Mountains (MDM) These mountains are influenced by both the Mediterranean and mountain climates.
Mediterranean South (MDS) This zone represents the typical Mediterranean climate that is shared with northern Africa, short precipitation periods in winter and long hot, dry summers.
Nemoral (NEM) The zone covering the southern part of Scandinavia, the Baltic states and Belarus. This is a main agricultural production zone in EU-27.
Pannonian (PAN) This is the most steppic part of Europe, with cold winters and dry hot summers. Most precipitation is found in spring.
Anatolian (ANA) Represents the steppes of Turkey, a Mediterranean steppic environment.

Environmental Zones: O. Oenema, G.L. Velthof, M. Heinen, R. Rietra, R. Hessel (eds.) (in prep) Review of soil-improving cropping systems. Deliverable 2.1 of the EU-SOILCARE project, Research and Innovation Action, number 677407, 255 pp.

Present and projected water limitation of crop primary production in Europe under rain-fed conditions

The A2 storyline and scenario family describes a very heterogeneous world. The underlying theme is self-reliance and preservation of local identities. Fertility patterns across regions converge very slowly, which results in continuously increasing global population. Economic development is primarily regionally oriented and per capita economic growth and technological change are more fragmented and slower than in other storylines.


4. Potential solutions